The Parts of An Airport
An airport is a complex of runways and buildings for the takeoff, landing, and maintenance of aircraft, with facilities for passengers.
Aircraft can be stored in buildings called hangars to protect them from the weather when they are not being flown. Aircraft maintenance can also be performed in hangars.
At an airport terminal, passengers can board and disembark from aircraft. At commercial airport terminals, passengers can buy tickets and check in or pick up their luggage.
A Control Tower is where Air Traffic Controllers work to supervise the efficient and safe movement of aircraft on the ground and in the air. Ground Controllers also coordinate the movement of land vehicles such as fuel trucks and maintenance vehicles that need to cross runways and taxiways.
Helicopters takeoff from and land on a helipad.
Aircraft are parked near the terminal on the apron. While on the apron, aircraft can have passengers and luggage (or other cargo) loaded and unloaded. The aircraft can also be refueled and receive maintenance. The apron is also referred to as the ramp.
When an aircraft moves on the ground under its own power, it is called taxiing. The path that aircraft taxi on is called the taxiway. The taxiway connects the runway with the apron and hangars.
Airplanes takeoff from and land on the runway.
Did You Know?
Aircraft can be stored and serviced in hangars when they are not being flown. Some aircraft “park” out on the apron or ramp where they can be fueled, loaded and maintained. Many times you will see tugs pulling aircraft around the airport. The aircraft are usually not in disrepair; it is just safer and more fuel efficient to use a tug rather than start the aircraft’s engine.
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